Wine route Záhorie
There are six winemaking regions and eight wine routes in Slovakia. The Skalica winemaking territory is one of the 12 winemaking territories of the Small Carpathian winemaking region. The Small Carpathian wine route is the oldest and most prominent wine route in Slovakia and an inspiration for the youngest so far Wine route Záhorie, dating back to 2003 when the community organisation Wine route Záhorie was founded.
Community organisation Wine route Záhorie
The community organisation was founded thanks to the initiative of the Winemakers society, which operated in this region but without access to the pre-accession and later regular European funds. Since the beginning, the Wine route Záhorie organisation's activities were aimed at receiving support from the European funds for promotion, publicity, education, and mainly for establishing the member base (independent wine producers), business base (entrepreneurs, winegrowers, sellers, restaurants etc.) and the cooperation of the municipalities of the region in order to upgrade the winemaking and to associate private producers in Záhorie.
Conditions for wine growing
The Skalica winemaking territory is one of the northernmost regions in Slovakia. However, due to its position on the southern and south western slopes of the White Carpathians and a favourable geological base, the majority of well-known wine varieties thrive in this area. The long dry autumns have an extraordinary impact on the ripening of grape, allowing it to mature into higher sugar content and more extract. The heavy clay soils in the vineyards provide enough moisture that keeps the berries from wilting. Red wine is characteristic for this area, among others Blaufränkisch and the trademark Skalický rubín, however, white wine varieties are also grown here, mainly the Grüner Veltliner.
The Wine route Záhorie winemakers and vineyards can be found in the following municipalities: Borský Mikuláš, Gbely, Holíč, Kátov, Kopčany, Koválov, Mokrý Háj, Moravský Svätý Ján, Petrova Ves, Prietržka, Radimov, Radošovce, Skalica, Smrdáky, Štefanov, Unín and Vrádište.
Each vineyard includes a wine cellar, called “búda” (shed). The smallest ones serve only as storage rooms for tools, but in the larger ones the grape is directly processed and stored and they are often used as a meeting point where winemakers and their families and friends gather for a glass of good wine.